Is Pain Only in the Mind?


Immanuel Kant in his Critique of Pure Reason drafted the idea that space and time are inscrutably mental constructs. Pain is commonly conceived as being something that has an ontology in the senses: the sense of pain is the same as the affect. Furthermore, pain is commonly considered to be…

One Small Step for Kin Selection

Kin Vs Group Selection

In One Giant Leap: How Insects Achieved Altruism and Colonial Life, Edward O. Wilson makes the case for eusociality emerging as a form of group selection, rather than kin selection. For eusociality to emerge, group members must exhibit a willingness for “collateral altruism, which is behavior benefiting others at the…

Discussing pain without painfulness, the gift nobody wants.

It is intuitively thought that the affective state of pain, and the sensory component, are conjoined phenomenon. From everyday experience, it sounds unqualifiedly right, all of our experiences align with this conception. I touch my stove, and I get a seamless sensory and affective experience. …

How Hemingway incorporates Feminism.

The Sun Also Rises is a novel written by Hemingway to address The Lost Generation, or the cultural malaise that followed World War I. However, much of the tension of the book is due to loss of belief not in Western culture but in gender roles.

Hemingway’s Take On Feminism

Brett charges into this…

Cultural Tiredness

The River to The Sea

Ernest Hemingway wrote prominently about “The Lost Generation”. The Lost Generation refers to those directly involved in World War I and left thereafter in disarray and a sense of a lack of purpose. This very commonly occurs to those who have one unifying objective that cuts across society, and that…

Brandon Long

Writes about science, politics, philosophy, and the spaces that separates us as as species — and occasionally in story form.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store